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Tinnitus, Vertigo, and Hearing Loss
- Kraft JR 1998 The hyperinsulinemia associated with idiopathic tinnitus, vertigo, and hearing loss and the hyperinsulinemia of NIDDM, without regard for glycemia status, are one and the same entity.
- Kraft JR. 1995 Hyperinsulinemia as determined by glucose/insulin tolerance identified an etiologic relationship to idiopathic Meniere's disease… Hyperinsulinemia and migraine with tinnitus and/or vertigo were also correlated.
- Proctor CA et al 1992 For years low sodium diets have been recommended in the treatment of Meniere's syndrome. Elevated levels of insulin play an important role in sodium retention in renal tubules. Insulin production is stimulated by high carbohydrate diets. Adrenaline, cortisone, and glucagon levels may be increased by stress or food or inhalant allergies, further elevating insulin levels. The end result of prolonged hyperinsulinemia includes vasoconstriction and eventually arterial smooth muscle hypertrophy.
- Lehrer JF et al 1986 The determination of hyperinsulinism and hypertriglyceridemia were of value as supplements to the traditional glucose tolerance test in detecting reversible metabolic vertigo. Insulin resistance appears to be the basic abnormality in this syndrome
- Karjalainen S et al 1986 Oral glucose tolerance tests and plasma insulin measurements were carried out in 74 patients with Meniere's disease and 74 control subjects. …The results do not confirm the hypothesis that disturbances in glucose metabolism or plasma insulin response are etiologic factors in Meniere's disease.
- Mangabeira Albernaz PL et al 1984 One hundred consecutive patients with a clinical suspicion of metabolic inner ear disorder were submitted to a 5-hour glucose tolerance test with simultaneous titration of insulin. It was found that 82% of the patients presented abnormal glucose and/or insulin values.
- Kirtane MV et al 1984 Thirty-one patients with Meniere's disease underwent a 5-hour glucose tolerance test with radioimmune assay of insulin. … it was found that 67.7% of our patients showed some abnormality in the relationship between the blood levels of glucose and insulin.